Project Implementation Procedures in Pilot Areas
Decree No 351 of the Government of Georgia (GoG) of July 28, 2016 specified 12 pilot areas. The project is implemented in the pilot areas according to the Law “On the Procedures for Systemic and Sporadic Registration of Land Titles and Improvement of Cadastral Data under the State Project” of Georgia (hereinafter referred to as “the Law”). The systemic registration in the pilot areas is also regulated by Order No 153 of the Minister of Justice of Georgia “On Approval of the Regulations for Systematic and Sporadic Registration of Rights, Public Display of the Cadastral Survey Results, Their Verification and Change and Selection of a Mediator under the State Project” of August 1, 2016. The aforementioned documents stipulate the following order of the land title registration procedures:
- Informing the Local Authorities and Public:
Informing the local authorities and public includes provision of information on the project to the local authorities and public, approval of the pilot area boundaries and registration blocks by them and appointing authorized persons. At this stage, a meeting is held with the municipal Land Property Rights Recognition Commission (LPRRC) in order to familiarize them with the procedures specified in the law.
2. Technical Fieldworks
The fieldworks start after an informational meeting. The technical fieldworks include cadastral surveys/measurements as well as collecting data on land owners (first names, family names, contact details, ownership evidence).
3. Entering the data in GIS Program:
After the completion of technical fieldworks, the staff members of the Department of Geodetics and Geoinformation of NAPR enter the findings in GIS Program.
4. Legal Processing
During the legal processing registrars based on the findings of the fieldworks search for ownership evidence of landowners, conduct the legal analysis of the documents and process the data. Legal processing includes comparison of the data received from various state agencies (the National Archives of Georgia, Revenue Service, local municipalities) and the findings of the technical fieldworks.
5. Public Display
According to the current laws a decision on the publication of registration blocks is posted on the official website of NAPR (www.napr.org.ge), an official website of the municipality and in the clearly visible and accessible places in the administrative building of the municipality board for 10 days. Facilitators provide information to interested persons and agree on the time of signing survey/measurement plans.
During the 10 days of the public display of registration blocks and collecting of signatures by facilitators, the requests are addressed. If requested, a field team will verify the data shown on cadastral survey plans and draw up the minutes.
6. Data Processing
After addressing the requests (which often lasts 5-6 days due to the requested re-measurements) the Property Registration Service updates the data and enters the updated data in GIS Program.
7. Registration of Rights
After the repeated publication of the data (for 10 days), the Property Registration Service either registers land titles or sends the case to the authorized agency (to LPRRC if the land is unlawfully occupied).